OpenGALEN Publications

Technical Reports

1993 Structured Methods of Information Management for Medical Records
(WA Nowlan) Doctoral Thesis(Manchester)

1998 HUMPTY, a natural language generator for OpenGALEN: Theory and implementation
(AWM Claassen) Internal report, NICI, Radboud University Nijmegen 1998

1999 Ontological issues in using a description logic to represent medical concepts: experience from GALEN
(AL Rector, JE Rogers) IMIA WG6 meeting 'Terminology and natural language in medicine' Phoenix Arizona Nov 1999

1999 "Demonstration of the Telematic Infrastructure for a common resource for medical terminology and language for Europe including the designated segments of national classifications"
(H ten Napel, JE Rogers, PE Zanstra) GALEN-In-Use Deliverable 6.1 for the European Union June 1999

2004 Development of a methodology and an ontological schema for medical terminology
(JE Rogers) MD Doctoral Thesis (Manchester) [ doc ]

2006 Ontological & Practical Issues in using a Description Logic to Represent Medical Concepts: Experience from GALEN
(AL Rector, JE Rogers) School of Computer Science PrePrint, University of Manchester: CSPP-35:1-35

2010 Explanatory notes on the OpenGALEN OWL Translations
(JE Rogers, WD Solomon, AL Rector, Y Kazakov, I Horrocks)

The major implementation of the GALEN Terminology server has been built on Kermanog's ROIS platform. There are four technical bulletins (LINKS) published where the background and implementation of different functions is described. These bulletins are available as Microsoft Compiled Helpfiles LINKS #1, LINKS #2, LINKS #3, LINKS #4 (EJ van der Haring, PE Zanstra, )

Published Papers

Most of the published papers below are available in electronic (DOC or PDF) format. They are listed here in chronological order with those published most recently at the end of the list:

1990 Unifying Medical Information using an Architecture Based on Descriptions
Rector AL, Nowlan WA and Kay S, in RA Miller (ed) Proceedings of the 14th Annual Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care , SCAMC 90, IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, California ,1990, pp 190-194.

1991 Foundations for an Electronic Medical Record
(A. Rector, WA Nolan, S Kay; Published in Methods of Information in Medicine 30: 179-86, 1991)

1992 User Centred Development of a General Practice Medical Workstation: The PEN&PAD Experience
(AL Rector, B Horan, M Fittert,S Kay, PD Newton, WA Nowlan, D Robinson, and A Wilson)

1994 A Terminology Server for Medical Language and Medical Information Systems
(Rector, A., Solomon, W., Nowlan, W., Rush, T, Claassen, A.W.M. and Zanstra, P.E.) Methods of Information in Medicine, Vol 34, 147-157

1994 The GALEN CORE Model Schemata for Anatomy: Towards a Re-usable Application-Independent Model of Medical Concepts
(AL Rector, A Gangemi, E Galeazzi, AJ Glowinski, A Rossi-Mori) Twelfth International Congress of the European Federation for Medical Informatics, MIE-94, Lisbon, Portugal, 229-233

1995 Coordinating Taxonomies: Key To Re-usable Concept Representations
(AL Rector) Fifth conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine Europe (AIME '95), Pavia, Italy, Springer 17-28

1995 Medical-concept Models and Medical Records: An Approach Based on GALEN and PEN&PAD
(AL Rector, AJ Glowinsky, WA Nowlan, Angelo Rossi-Mori; Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association Volume 2 Number 1 Jan / Feb 1995)

1995 Analysis of Medical Texts Based on a Sound Medical Model
(A-M Rassinoux, JC Wagner, C Lovis, RH Baud, A Rector, J-R Scherrer) In: Gardner RM (Ed) Nineteenth Annual Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care (SCAMC 95) Proceedings, Philadelphia: Hanley & Belfus,Inc, pp 27-31, 1995

1996 The GALEN High Level Ontology
(AL Rector, JE Rogers, P Pole) In: Fourteenth International Congress of the European Federation for Medical Informatics, MIE-96, Copenhagen, Denmark

1996 Knowledge Sources for Natural Language Processing
(RH Baud, A-M Rassinoux, C Lovis, J Wagner et al) In: Cimino JJ (ed) Proceedings of the 1996 AMIA Annual Fall Symposium Philadelphia: Hanley & Belfus, Inc 1996: 70-84

1997 A cooperative methodology to build conceptual models in medicine
(E Galeazzi, A Rossi Mori, F Consorti, A Errera) Fifteenth International Congress of the European Federation for Medical Informatics, MIE-97 Thessaloniki, Greece: 280-284

1997 An Ontological Analysis of Surgical Deeds
A. Rossi Mori, A. Gangemi, G. Steve, F. Consorti, E. Galeazzi, Presented at AIME 97

1997 Extracting Linguistic Knowledge from an International Classification
(R Baud, C Lovis, A-M Rassinoux, P-A Michel, J-R Scherrer)

1997 Galen-In-Use: An EU Project applied to the development of a new national coding system for surgical procedures: NCAM
(J-M Rodrigues, B Trombert-Paviot, R Baud, J Wagner er al) Fifteenth International Congress of the European Federation for Medical Informatics, MIE-97 Thessaloniki, Greece: 897-901

1997 Using the GRAIL language for Classification Management
(PE Zanstra, EJ van der Haring, F Flier, JERogers, WD Solomon) Fifteenth International Congress of the European Federation for Medical Informatics, MIE-97 Thessaloniki, Greece: 441-445

1997 From Natural Language to Formal Language: when MultiTALE meets GALEN
(W Ceusters, P Spyns) Fifteenth International Congress of the European Federation for Medical Informatics, MIE-97 Thessaloniki, Greece: 396-400

1997 Rubrics to Dissections to GRAIL to Classifications
(JE Rogers, WD Solomon, AL Rector, P Pole, P Zanstra, E van der Haring) Fifteenth International Congress of the European Federation for Medical Informatics, MIE-97 Thessaloniki, Greece: 241-245

1997 Terminological Systems: Bridging the Generation Gap
(JE Rogers, AL Rector) Annual Fall Symposium of American Medical Informatics Association Nashville TN, Hanley & Belfus Inc Philadelphia PA: 610-614

1997 The Distinction between Linguistic and Conceptual Semantics in Medical terminology and its Implications for NLP-Based Knowledge Acquisition
(W Ceuster, F Beukens, G De Moor, A Waagmeester) proceedings of IMIA Working Group 6 meeting, Jacksonville, Florida

1997 Modeling Just the Important and Relevant Concepts in Medicine for Medical Language Understanding: A Survey of the Issues
(A-M Rassinoux, RA Miller, RH Baud, J-R Scherrer) To appear in a Special Issue of Meth Inform Med (4), October/November 1998 and presented at IMIA WG6 1997 Jacksonville FLA

1997 The GRAIL Concept Modelling Language for Medical Terminology
AL Rector, S Bechhofer, CA Goble, I Horrocks, WA Nowlan, WD Solomon; This is an expanded version of paper which appeared in Artificial Intelligence in Medicine 9:139-171 (1997)

1998 Validating Clinical Terminology Structures: Integration and Cross-Validation of Read Thesaurus and GALEN
(JE Rogers, C Price, AL Rector, WD Solomon, N Smejko) Annual Fall Symposium of American Medical Informatics Association, Orlando FLA Hanley & Belfus Inc Philadelphia PA: 845-849

1998 Tuning up Conceptual Graph Representation for Multilingual Natural Language Processing in Medicine
(A-M Rassinoux, RH Baud, C Lovis, JC Wagner, J-R Scherrer) in proceedings of ICCS’98 Montpellier, France, August 10-12, 1998

1998 Versatility of a Multilingual and Bi-directional Approach for Medical Language Processing
(A-M Rassinoux, RH Baud, C Lovis, J-R Scherrer) Annual Fall Symposium of American Medical Informatics Association, Orlando FLA Hanley & Belfus Inc Philadelphia PA

1999 Natural language generation of surgical procedures
(Wagner JC, Rogers JE, Baud RH, Scherrer J-R) International Journal of Medical Informatics; Vol 53, NOS 2,3 pp 175-192

1999 Syntactic-semantic tagging as a mediator between linguistic representations and formal models: an exercise in linking SNOMED to GALEN
(Ceusters W, Rogers JE, Consorti F, Rossi Mori A) Artifical Intelligence In Medicine 15(1): 5-23

1999 Reconciling Users' Needs and Formal Requirements: Issues in developing a Re-Usable Ontology for Medicine
(Rector, AL, Zanstra, P E, Solomon WD, Rogers JE, Baud, R, et al) IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in BioMedicine 2(4): 229-242

1999 Aggregation and Reclassification - Assessment of GALEN Methods in the Domain of Thoracic Surgery
(Carlsson M, Rogers JE, Ahlfeld H) Annual Fall Symposium of American Medical Informatics Association, Washington DC Hanley & Belfus Inc Philadelphia PA;:32-36

1999 A Reference Terminology for Drugs
(Solomon WD, Wroe CJ, Rector, AL, Rogers JE, Fistein JL, Johnson P) Annual Fall Symposium of American Medical Informatics Association, Washington DC Hanley & Belfus Inc Philadelphia PA;:152-155

1999 Clinical Terminology and Clinical Applications: Mind the gap
(Rogers JE, Solomon WD, Rector, AL) Towards an Electronic Health Record Europe (TEHR) 1999, Medical Records Institute;:99-103

2000 GALEN's Model of Parts and Wholes: Experience and Comparisons
(Rogers JE, Rector, AL) Annual Fall Symposium of American Medical Informatics Association, Los Angeles CA Hanley & Belfus Inc Philadelphia PA;:714-8

2000 Having our cake and eating it too: How the GALEN Intermediate Representation reconciles internal complexity with users' requirements for appropriateness and simplicity
(Roberts A, Solomon WD, Rogers JE, Wroe CJ , Rector, AL) Annual Fall Symposium of American Medical Informatics Association, Los Angeles CA Hanley & Belfus Inc Philadelphia PA;:819-23

2000 Inheritance of Drug Information
(Wroe CJ, Solomon WD, Rector, AL, Rogers JE) Annual Fall Symposium of American Medical Informatics Association, Los Angeles CA Hanley & Belfus Inc Philadelphia PA;:1158

2000 DOPAMINE - A tool for visualising clinical properties of generic drugs
(Wroe CJ, Solomon WD, Rector, AL, Rogers JE) Presented at Intelligent Data Analysis in Medicine and Pharmacology (IDAMAP2000) Berlin

2000 Ontological Issues in using a Description Logic to Represent Medical Concepts: Part I - Experience from GALEN: Principles
(Rector, AL, Rogers JE) IMIA WG6

2000 Ontological Issues in using a Description Logic to Represent Medical Concepts: Part II - The GALEN High Level Schemas
(Rector, AL, Rogers JE) IMIA WG6

2001 Assessment of the GALEN Methodology on Holistic Classifications for Professions Allied to Medicine
(Napel HT, Rogers JE) Proceedings of MEDINFO2001, V Patel et al (Eds) IOS Press;: 1369-1373

2001 GALEN Ten Years On: Tasks and Supporting tools
(Rogers JE, Roberts A, Solomon WD, van der Haring E, Wroe CJ, Zanstra PE, Rector, AL) Proc MEDINFO2001 (London), Vimla Patel et al (Eds) IOS Press;: 256-260

2005 Granularity Scale & Collectivity: When size does and doesn't matter
Annex: Tables
(Rector AL, Rogers JE, Bittner T) Journal of Biomedical Informatics

2006 Quality Assurance of Medical Ontologies
(JE Rogers) Methods Inf Med 2006 45(3):267-274

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